These participants include, but are not limited to, taxpayers and central bankers through bailouts (see Anglo Irish), depositors who were mis-sold investments (see Bankia and the other Spanish cajas) and investors.
The Telegraph reports how the Co-op bank mis-led pensioners about its true financial condition.
In emails seen by The Sunday Telegraph, a manager at the Co-op Bank told a worried pensioner that “there is no need to be concerned” about a £50,000 investment. The email was sent on May 13, just three days after the ratings agency Moody’s downgraded the bank to “junk” .
The following month, the Co-op suspended interest payments to pensioners and told savers they faced losses of at least 40pc on their investments. The bank also said it had a £1.5bn capital shortfall.
The pensioner wrote: “I am a member of the Co-operative Group and my wife and I ... are extremely fearful that we are about to lose all of this very important retirement savings nest-egg, the income from which we rely upon. We are very, very worried.”
The manager replied: “There is no need for you to be concerned. We do acknowledge the need to strengthen our capital position ... and we have a clear plan to drive this forward. I hope this provides some reassurance.”
At that point, the bank was in discussions with the regulator about the size of its capital shortfall. A month later it revealed it needed £1.5bn, £500m of which was to come from enforcing losses on bondholders.
Including large investors, the bondholders have £1.3bn of debt, £65m of which is with 15,000 pensioners and small savers.One of the primary reasons for requiring the banks to provide transparency and disclose on an ongoing basis their current global asset, liability and off-balance sheet exposure details is to end bankers mis-leading anyone about their current financial condition.